How to Protect children from kidney disease?

The kidney is one of the main organs in the body; not only for its role in getting rid of excreta and toxins, but also because it is linked to several important vital functions such as the regulation of fluids and electrolytes in the body, and this has to do with blood pressure as well as the secretion of important hormones .

Kidney disease is one of the most common and dangerous human diseases, whether an adult or a child. Most of these diseases are of a chronic type , and may develop with the person since childhood, and he may develop it without knowing it. Hence the importance of early prevention for our children from kidney disease.

The most important causes of kidney disease in children

  • Genetic Disease

The deficiency of some enzymes responsible for metabolism due to a genetic cause of the formation of deposits of salts in the kidneys.

  • Congenital anomalies

The child may be born with an infected kidney or a blockage in one of the urinary tract, which will put pressure on the kidney and gradually lose its work.

  • Recurrent urinary infections

Recurrent urinary inflammation occurs as a result of correct treatment and diagnosis by pediatricians. Studies have shown that 15-20% of the causes of kidney failure are caused by neglecting the treatment of urinary infections in children younger than 5 years.

More: Preventive methods to reduce urinary tract infection

  • Recurrent tonsillitis

Can cause repeated infections tonsillitis if not treated properly to the secretion of the bacteria that cause these infections , toxins lead to the formation of immune complexes deposited on the kidney caused her.

  • Kidney immune diseases

Such as lupus erythematosus and nephrotic syndrome .

  • Kidney stones

These kidney stones form for several reasons; the most important of these are the lack of fluid intake, especially in the winter, as well as the unbalanced diet.

How parents protect their children from kidney disease

Prenatal examinations

It became possible through modern technologies to know whether the fetus suffers from congenital malformation in the kidney or not , as it became possible to detect genetic diseases by examining the amniotic fluid , and this gives an early picture to the family about the state of the fetus and what doctors can do at and after birth.

Periodic checks for children after birth

It is recommended to perform these tests every six months at the beginning and every year , in order to detect kidney injury. Usually a urine test is performed , and if the urine test shows an anomaly, a blood test is performed to confirm the pathology.

The child’s development must also be examined if it is done normally, and that its weight and height are within the normal range. Children who were born prematurely, who were born in the same college, or who have a family history of kidney disease are more likely to become infected, and should receive more supervision.

Monitor blood pressure

Blood pressure is closely related to kidney disease , and its presence in children is often an indication of the presence of a kidney lesion.

Children 3 and older should have their blood pressure checked every year. Although there is no single normal reading as in adults, parents should make sure that the blood pressure of their children is normal based on the age of the child and its gender, because blood pressure usually in males tends to be more than in females .

Increased activity and healthy eating

Increasing children’s activity prevents obesity, which is a predisposing factor for high blood pressure, which in turn is linked to kidney disease. As well as a healthy and balanced diet is important to prevent obesity and hypertension on the one hand, as well as to prevent the formation of kidney stones on the other hand, for example:

  • Calcareous kidney stones form when excessive eating of foods containing oxalate or calcium (such as dairy cheese, cheese and leafy vegetables ) is necessary. Therefore, the intake of these foods should be mediated, especially for a child who is predisposed to develop kidney disease.
  • Kidney stones formed from uric acid are formed when you eat foods that contain proteins ( such as meat and legumes ). Therefore, eating these foods should be mediated.