How to keep the immune system work properly in the body?

The immune system consists of a group of cells, tissues, and organs similar to the army, and each of them performs specific functions to attack any enemy storming the body, so how does this system work?

When we talk about the immune system, we describe a complex network of cells, tissues, and organs that prevent germs like bacteria, viruses, parasites, and viruses from attacking the body.

If these bacteria are able to enter the body, this network deals with and attacks them before they multiply and secrete their toxins.

And if you start to multiply inside the human body, the immune system works hard until the body gets rid of it.

How does infection spread in the body?

Germs can come to the body through contact and skin contact, as well as having an intimate relationship, or by sneezing or coughing.

The use of personal tools of another person leads to the transfer of germs into the body.

Germs can be transmitted to the body through contaminated food or contaminated water.

Also, blood is a means of transporting germs, as well as insect bites.

How does the immune system fight infection?

We can imagine that the immune system is an army that defends its habitat from invaders, and the army is fortified through the skin and the corneal layer in the eye and the lining of mucus in the mouth, lungs, cells and tissues in the intestine.

Not only that, but the secretions and fluids that leave the body help push the germs out, and the enzymes in them kill the germs.

The secretions and fluid are sweat, eye tears, nasal mucus, and vaginal secretions.

Therefore, any damage to the skin or these tissues, cell damage, and defects in secretions and fluids exposes the body to bacterial attack and ease of infection.

What are the most important components of the immune system?

The immune system consists of many parts that act as an integrated army to resist enemies, and among its most important components that play the essential roles in the body:

1- Lymphocytes

Considered lymphocytes Her most difficult task of the immune system, which is a network of high – pipe extended throughout the body and contain liquid.

One of its most important functions is that it picks up dead cells and germs, then this liquid is filtered to get rid of the infection.

2- Bone marrow

The bone marrow is a soft tissue located inside the bone, and contains stem cells that mature and develop into red and white blood cells and platelets.

The function of the bone marrow is to form immune bodies with the rest of the immune centers to fight infections, diseases and germs.

3- Swallowing cells

It has another name and it is macrophages, which are cells that eat the foreign body or the microbe that attaches to the antibodies, then they devour all the cells that fell during the battle of resistance between the antibodies and the microbes that attack the body to clean it.