How to take care of mental Health of the Child during the First year?

Indicate the mental health of infants, or what is also called Mental Health Early Childhood ( in English: Early childhood mental health) to mental health and psychological young children from birth until the age of five , where children need a lot of help from their parents and other people around them in the OT flag How to express their emotions and how to deal with them in the right ways, and for this reason, the relationship of parents with their children plays a very important role in maintaining the mental and psychological health of these children.

Parents are often worried about everything they do for their children, and they wonder if they are performing their roles to the fullest, or if they are falling short in some ways, where it is possible parents support the mental health of their children by doing several simple things, which ultimately lead to building strong and high trusting relationships with their children, such as talking to their children, responding to their smile or screaming, protecting them, and giving them a sense of security in fear.

The child’s relationship with the people around him

Infants and young children can build close relationships and bonds with many people around them , but most often the bond is stronger between the child and the person who spends most of the time with him, as this person may be the father, mother, or grandfather, or Any other person. Among the signs that show the strength of the relationship that arises between the child and the other person are the following:

  • The child turns to this person when he is hurt, needs help, or is afraid.
  • Show the child affection towards this person.
  • The child received this person with great cheers and joy, and bid him farewell with sorrow and grief.
  • The child made sure to look into the person’s eyes constantly, even while busy playing.
  • The child feels comfortable while he is with this person.

The importance of promoting the child’s mental health

Mental health affects the way the child thinks, in addition to its effect on his psyche, emotions and behaviors, and mental health care for the child is no less important than the physical care of him, and the role of parents here is to promote the mental health of their child through their attention to everything they say or do in front of him , And to ensure a safe home environment for him, and if they have any concerns about their child’s mental and mental health, or about their relationship to him, they can speak to and consult a family doctor.

Risk factors for a child’s psychological problems

Here are some indications that a baby may be at risk of developing mental health challenges:

  • Parent challenges:
    • Subjected parents assaulted during their childhood.
    • Injury to one or both parents with mental illness, including post – natal depression.
    • Addiction of one or both parents to drug or alcohol use.
    • There are problems in the relationship between the mother and the father.
    • Atsaf one or both parents Hostility or violence.
    • Parents lack support from friends and close people.
    • Parent marriage during adolescence or at young ages.
    • Traffic experience the birth of a difficult and frightening.
  • Challenges related to the child himself:
    • The presence of sleep or feeding problems in the child.
    • Child was harmed.
    • The child was exposed to strangers.
    • Weak bond between the child and his parents.

Image result for mental health Child

Diagnose the child with mental problems

It can be very difficult to diagnose the infant with mental problems, because he is unable to talk about his thoughts and feelings . For example, the birth of a new brother or sister to the family can cause a lot of stress in the child , and this would affect the way he behaves. , As the doctor will note this by communicating with the parents and helping them to take appropriate treatment procedures.

Signs indicating a psychological problem in the child

A child cannot tell his parents that he has a problem, but there are signs that parents can infer the existence of a problem, including:

  • The child does not want to carry or cuddle.
  • Difficulty focusing on the child while playing, or carrying out any other daily activity.
  • Difficulty falling asleep.
  • The speed of a child’s crying when he is disturbed by something.
  • Show the child reactions that are not appropriate to the situations he is exposed to.
  • The presence of problems and disorders in the child with regard to sleeping and eating habits.
  • The child feels disturbed and restless for long periods.
  • Avoid contact with others with his eyes.
  • The child does not interact with the people around him.
  • The child has lost the ability to play, or make sounds like whisper and gossip, as it appears quieter and less active.
  • Negative habits such as nail biting , thumb sucking , and trichotillomania appear .
  • He retracted some of his child’s skills previously.
  • A linguistic delay of the child.

Protecting the child from psychological problems

Parents can do many things that improve a child’s mental health, including:

  • E. unhide a lot of love and affection for the child.
  • Praise the child for doing something good.
  • Respect and accept the feelings of the child.
  • Create a safe and positive home environment.
  • Monitor the content the child watches on the media, including television, the Internet, and gaming devices.
  • Be careful not to discuss serious family issues such as financial matters, or marital problems near the child.
  • Provide time to interact with the child and do activities with him.