How to increase the weight of the fetus during pregnancy?

Measuring a child’s weight is one of the first procedures to take place in the hospital after birth, as many children are born with low weights (less than 2.5 kilograms) or with high weights (more than 4 kilograms) and this occurs due to many reasons.

The birth of children with weights below the normal limit (2500 g – 4000 g) will lead to some complications such as disease and infection during the first days of their lives, or their exposure to long-term complications such as the delay in their motor and social development and their ability to learn, in the event of their birth with a low weight .

As for newborns with high weights, they are more likely to have birth injuries and have hypoglycemic disorders . Therefore, the birth of a child of normal weight is better than the birth of a child of high weight to the degree of exposure to diseases and injuries.

The child’s weight at birth is affected by many factors, the most important of which is the mother’s nutrition during pregnancy, as increasing the weight of the pregnant woman is necessary to ensure the necessary nutrition for the fetus and its proper development. However, the amount of child development after birth remains the best indicator of his health.

Factors that affect a child’s birth weight

The birth weight of a child depends on the following factors:

  • The length of pregnancy, the weight and size of children born at or after the expected birth date are usually greater than the weight and size of children born before that.
  • The weight of the father and mother , usually the weight of children born by tall and large mothers and fathers of greater size than children of mothers and fathers small.
  • The state of twins, pregnancy with twins is one of the clear factors that lead to the birth of a child under the expected weight compared to if the pregnancy was alone, due to the fact that children share nutrition with the mother, in addition to sharing the space in the uterus with each other.
  • The gender of the child and his arrangement between his siblings, there is a slight difference between the weight of the male and the female weight, usually the male’s weight is slightly higher than the female’s weight . As for the arrangement of the child among his siblings, in most cases the first child is of less weight than the next of his siblings .
  • Maternal health , the child is born with a lower weight than expected if the mother suffers from high blood pressure , or heart disease during pregnancy , or if she smokes cigarettes or drinks alcohol . On the other hand, the child’s weight will be higher than expected if the mother has diabetes, or is obese .
  • Child health, child suffering from any birth defects , or having infections during pregnancy affects his weight and subsequent development.
  • Nutrition of the mother during pregnancy, it is necessary to provide the proper nutrition for the fetus to ensure its development during the womb, and the feeding of the fetus depends on the nature of the food of the pregnant woman, thus the malnutrition of the pregnant woman will affect the growth and weight of the fetus at birth. Therefore, it is necessary for the mother to gain sufficient weight during the pregnancy to provide the necessary nutrition to the fetus, without acquiring so many kilograms that the probability of having children born with weights exceeding the normal limit is increased.

Increased pregnant weight

It is difficult to accurately predict a child’s weight at birth during pregnancy, as the tests that are conducted, including ultrasound, give an estimated indication only of the child’s expected weight at birth, and the mother’s weight during pregnancy alone cannot be considered an adequate indication of the development of the fetus.

How to increase the weight of the fetus

Inside the womb and the speed of its growth, despite the fact that the child’s weight at birth was not affected by the mother’s weight during pregnancy only and the presence of other factors that determine it, but the mother’s acquisition of a certain amount of weight during pregnancy is necessary to ensure the health of the fetus and its birth with a normal weight , with the need to consider the pregnant woman to gain her weight Excess over fever By eating a healthy and balanced food, it provides the fetus with the nutrients necessary for its proper development, and avoids bad food habits that harm its health and the health of its fetus.

The expected increase in the weight of the pregnant woman

It is necessary for the pregnant woman to consider gradually increasing her weight during pregnancy, so that her weight increases approximately from 1 to 2 kg during the first trimester of pregnancy , then half a kilogram every week until the end of pregnancy .

The total increase in the weight of a pregnant woman depends on her pregnancy with one child or with multiple twins, and on her weight before pregnancy, as follows:

  • A mother who is underweight before pregnancy needs to gain weight by 13-18 kg (28 to 40 pounds).
  • An increase in pregnant women with an ideal weight before pregnancy from 11.34-15.88 kg (25 – 35 pounds) is considered an acceptable increase.
  • It is preferable for an overweight mother to gain weight before pregnancy by 7-9 kg or less (15-25 pounds).
  • In the case of pregnancy with more than one child (twins)  , the pregnant woman needs to increase her weight by 16.5 – 24.5 kilograms (37-54 pounds).
  • Pregnancy is not considered the appropriate period to lose weight , and a woman may not attempt to lose weight during pregnancy unless she is obese , and the doctor advised her to lose weight, and this is done under his supervision.