How to decrease the Body Temperature?

Hypothermia is a dangerous condition, as the body temperature drops below 95 ° F or 35 ° C, and occurs in the winter months. In fact, it is the body’s defense against the cold, as hypothermia protects the brain and heart.

In countries with mild temperatures, people suffer more during the cold season because they are not designed or culturally equipped to face the cold, while residents of cold countries pay more attention to the design of clothing and heating.

According to statistics, there is a 30-32% increase in deaths in winter.

Symptoms of hypothermia

When a person has been exposed to cold for a long time, and his body temperature begins to decrease, he exhibits the following symptoms:

  • The pallor of the skin.
  • Dizziness.
  • muddle.
  • Trembling.
  • Chills.
  • Heavy breathing and difficulty speaking.
  • feel helpless.
  • shock.

This condition can be very dangerous and lead to unconsciousness, and finally death if the body temperature continues to decrease. These people need urgent medical assistance.

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Causes of hypothermia

Body temperature may drop due to the following:

  • Feeling cold for a long time: The human body generates its heat from the energy derived from eating food, if the body continues to lose heat more than a person can generate then it becomes hypothermia.
  • Insufficient heating .
  • Long- wearing wet clothes in winter.
  • Falling into cold water .
  • Stay in a cool atmosphere outside the home.
  • Hunger and thirst help to accelerate the process of hypothermia. Sometimes people with this condition are unaware that they are in a poor condition because of the slow process and the gradual occurrence of the process.

People exposed to hypothermia

A person can develop this condition if he has been exposed to very low temperatures for a long time, but the most susceptible are:

  • The elderly and those with heart problems or weak structures are more affected by the cold, because they do not feel cold in the same way as the younger ones. Their way of controlling body temperature is not as efficient, as before, due to age and chronic disease.
  • In very cold climates, the elderly and children need adequate protection from the cold because they are the first to develop this condition.
  • A people under the influence of alcohol or drugs are susceptible to the situation of their inability to express how they feel cold and the inability of the body to generate heat.

How to avoid hypothermia

  • In cold weather, it is necessary to have good nutrition and good heating. In these atmospheres, the body needs more nutrition to generate enough energy to keep it warm.
  • If it is necessary to go out in the cold weather, it must be ensured that the extremities (head, hands, and feet) are covered well because they are the first members of the body to suffer from cold.
  • It is necessary to wear layers of clothing to maintain body temperature.
  • Care must be taken that the clothing is not tight to obstruct blood circulation.
  • Do not drink alcohol or smoke before exposure to cold, as these factors affect blood circulation in the body.
  • Do not stay outside at night in cold weather without shelter.
  • Inside, make sure it’s warm.
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What to do if you discover that someone has hypothermia?

If any of your family or those around you are exposed to hypothermia, you should do the following:

  • You should seek medical help immediately because it is dangerous to try to warm these people alone without medical help.
  • If this person is outside, try inserting them into the house and covering them with a blanket to slowly raise their body temperature.
  • If his clothes are wet, they should be removed and dressed dry .
  • If the person is conscious and can drink fluids, he should be given warm (non-hot) sweet liquids and light tea.
  • It should not be given alcohol for drinking.
  • Do not use a direct source of heat, such as hot water bags or a heater, to warm it up.
  • These people are prone to heart attacks so they should be treated with kindness.
  • If you cannot get them inside, you should cover the head and neck , put something under them to isolate them from the cold ground, and gradually warm them through your body, if this is necessary.