How to deal with hypoglycemia?

Known as sugar falling as low blood glucose level to below 70 mg / Dislatr, is falling sugar from medical emergencies that may threaten the patient ‘s life if it is not treated quickly, the patient treatment by re-raise the level of glucose in the blood to levels Natural.

The human body needs energy in order to perform its functions, and glucose is the main source of energy in the body, especially the brain, and when blood sugar levels drop, the body becomes uncomfortable to perform its functions effectively, which is known as the condition of hypoglycemia.

Diabetes is more common among diabetics, especially those treated with insulin injections, and this may result as a result of the patient increasing the insulin dose, exercising intense physical activity, or not eating enough food after taking the insulin dose, which may lead to hypoglycemia and falls The patient is on the ground, losing consciousness and possibly getting into a coma. It should be noted that the condition of hypoglycemia is not only limited to diabetics, and it may affect people without diabetes alike.

How to deal with hypoglycemia

Causes of hypoglycemia in diabetics

The patient’s use of insulin injections or any of the drugs that may increase insulin secretion without coordinating his medications with his diets or physical activities, increases the patient’s likelihood of hypoglycaemia. The following factors may increase the possibility of the condition occurring in diabetics:

  • The patient does not eat his daily need of carbohydrates.
  • Delaying meals or not eating for long periods of time.
  • Exercising intense and unusual physical activity.
  • Drink alcohol.

Causes of hypoglycemia in people without diabetes

People who do not have diabetes may experience hypoglycemia and this may result as a result of their bodies secreting large amounts of insulin after eating. This condition is known as “reactive hypoglycemia” which may be an early sign of diabetes. Some people may develop hypoglycemia due to the following other factors:

  • Drink plenty of alcohol.
  • Taking some drugs, such as some antibiotics, especially in children and patients with kidney failure.
  • Incidence of inflammation of the liver.
  • Adrenal or pituitary disorders.
  • Kidney disorders.
  • Pancreatic cancer.

Symptoms of low sugar

Symptoms vary from person to person, and depend on the level of sugar in the blood, they may be mild, and maybe severe, such as the patient’s loss of consciousness or suffering from seizures, and among the common symptoms:

  • Feeling hungry.
  • Feeling light-headed.
  • Vision disturbance.
  • Trembling of the extremities.
  • Heart palpitations.
  • Feeling anxious and stressed without focusing.
  • Sweating.
  • If your hypoglycemia is severe, this may lead to unconsciousness.

And there are medicines that can prevent most of these symptoms appearance despite the low level of blood sugar except sweating, and these drugs are receptor blockers, beta-like Alotnolol ( in English: Atenolol), metoprolol ( in English: Metoprolol), Broberanalol ( in English: Propranolol), Betaxolol and others. These medications are used to lower blood pressure and treat heart problems. These medications may be among the medications of many diabetics. For a patient who always takes these medications, remember that sudden sweating may be a harbinger of hypoglycemia.

Low sugar treatment

If hypoglycemia is quickly recognized, treatment is simple, and there are no complications.

  1. Eating as soon as one of the simple sources of carbohydrates that are easy to absorb, in general, 15 grams of carbohydrates is a sufficient amount, one of the things that you should pay attention to when low sugar, is not that the first option is to eat the sources of complex carbohydrates because their absorption from the digestive system is slow .

Foods containing 15 grams of carbohydrates :

  • A glass (200 ml) of un diluted fruit juice such as orange juice, apples, or grapes.
  • Half a can (200 ml) of regular soda .
  • (3-4) teaspoons of sugar, you may be able to dissolve it with water and then drink it.
  • (2-3) Cut glucose .
  • (2) tablespoon of raisins .
  •  (5-6) Pieces of jelly candy .
  • (250 ml) skim milk, not whole fat because fats and proteins slow down digestion.
  1. Relax the patient for 10-15 minutes, then check the blood sugar level if possible, to make sure that the sugar level is over 70 mg / dL.
  2. If there is no improvement within 10-15 minutes or if the sugar level is less than 70 mg / dL, an additional 10-15 g glucose should be taken, this can be repeated up to three times, the ambulance should be called immediately if the patient’s condition does not improve.