How to control the level of blood sugar?

It is possible that symptoms of diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus) may not appear in the early stages. Many people develop it and do not know until it is too late for an effective intervention that it has very negative effects on health. It leaves only one of the members of the body without causing severe damage.

Diabetes

High blood sugar (glucose) is chronically higher than normal. Most of the food we eat at the last stage of the digestion process turns into glucose, so that our body’s cells can use it as an energy source, it is a chronic disease that occurs either as a result of the pancreas’s inability to produce insulin in sufficient quantity, or when the body is unable to use that substance effectively (a resistance phenomenon) Cells for insulin).

And insulin hormone is helping glucose to enter the cells, and in the case of loss of the ability to control the level of diabetes accumulates glucose in the blood and over time cause damage to the body ‘s organs.

Image result for blood sugar

According to the World Health Organization (2011), the number of people infected with it worldwide is 346 million, contributing 6% of all deaths worldwide, and it is expected that it will double between 2005-2030. In the United States, 8.3% of the total population suffers from it, while in Jordan, the proportion of those infected in the age group over 25 years is 30%.

People who think they may have one of the following symptoms should see  a doctor to diagnose the disease .

Symptoms of diabetes

  • frequent urination.
  • Excessive thirst.
  • Abnormal weight loss.
  • Extreme hunger.
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.
  • Feeling very tired most of the time.
  • skin dryness.
  • Slow healing of wounds.
  • Nausea, vomiting and stomach pain.

Types of diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

It most often affects children and adolescents, and it is caused by genetic and environmental factors. It is estimated that 5% of the total number of people with diabetes are treated with insulin delivery to the body.

Type 2 diabetes

It is the most common , and it is the failure of cells to use insulin efficiently, which affects older people often as well as other age groups, and the percentage of those affected is between 90-95% of all diabetics, and obesity, lethargy and the genetic factor are among the most important causes.

Pregnancy diabetes

It is a high blood sugar level during pregnancy.

How to cope with diabetes

Many studies have shown that the control of the level of glucose in blood at the normal limit or close to it is one of the most important steps to reduce its complications, including retinopathy eye, and neuropathy , heart disease and cardiovascular, kidney disease, and others.

A healthy diet and physical activity in addition to injecting insulin is the primary treatment for type 1 diabetes, and the amount of insulin must be balanced with the amount of food and the amount of physical activity.

As for type 2 diabetes, a healthy diet and physical activity, and regular blood sugar checks are the best way to control the disease, the doctor may also prescribe sugar-lowering pills or insulin or both to control blood sugar levels.

To maintain a normal level of sugar, you must do the following four steps:

First: educate yourself about diabetes

You need to know from your doctor or through other means:

What kind of diabetes do you have, and to learn the seriousness of this disease and its impact on your health, as well as how to control the level of diabetes and the impact on your health.

Second: Carrying out checks and keeping them under control, among them

  • The examination of the cumulative sugar level for the past three months should be less than 6.5% .
  • A fasting sugar test, and it can be done in the laboratory or by home device after 8 hours of fasting, and the sugar level is preferably between 70 and 100 mg / dl.
  • Checking your blood pressure  level for most diabetics must be close to 130/80, as its height strains the heart, which puts you at risk of heart attacks and stroke .
  • Checking the level of blood cholesterol, especially LDL known as “bad cholesterol”, which should be less than 100 mg / dL, as its increase causes cardiovascular problems.

Third: Do yourself a diabetes management process

In order to avoid serious complications of diabetes in the long run, you must take good care of yourself in addition to taking the previous steps and keeping the previous indicators under control, and you must take other necessary steps, including:

  • Eat healthy food , avoid eating foods rich in fat and salt, and more than fresh fruits and vegetables, especially those that contain a large percentage of fiber.
  • Exercising daily physical activity for 30-60 minutes, such as walking or jogging.
  • Maintain a healthy weight by sticking to a healthy diet and exercise.
  •  Learn how to deal with stress and tension because it works to raise blood sugar.
  • Stop smoking  .
  • Measuring blood sugar 4 times per day, according to the number of daily insulin doses, and once or twice if you are taking low or organized pills for sugar, as the sugar level for diabetics must be between 70-100 before eating a meal, and 80-140 Two hours after eating it.

Fourth: Make the three items above a daily routine

Finally, do not forget that prevention is better than cure, in order to avoid yourself and others a lot of time, effort and money, be wary of diabetes by following a healthy lifestyle and stick to it.