How to avoid the elderly risk of falling?

How can we prevent the elderly from frequent and falling inside the house? And do the chronic diseases that the elderly suffer from?

Falling or falling to the ground is a common and serious problem for the elderly, especially for women after the age of sixty, because it usually leads to various injuries, such as fractures (especially hip fractures) and wounds (especially head wounds), and sometimes it can lead to death, as she indicated Studies show that incidence accidents are the fifth cause of death in old age. About 31% of the elderly are exposed to accidents annually, and this percentage is higher than that in institutions for the care of the elderly.

The factors and reasons behind the occurrence of the elderly are many. I mention, among others:

  1. Stumbling : The elderly person may fall to the ground by stumbling on an electric heater cable on the floor of the room, stumbling at the end of the carpet, or falling from the top of the stairs (stairs).
  2. Falling due to an acute illness : The elderly person may collapse as a result of an acute infectious disease (influenza without limitation), dehydration, or stroke .
  3. Fainting : The elderly may develop mild fainting due to the following pathological factors: low blood sugar level Hypoglycemia, Epilepsy , transient Ischemic Attack, Arrhythmia , or Postural (Orthostatic) hypotension Hypotension.
  4. Diseases  following: Parkinson ‘s disease , a disease  of Alzheimer  ‘s (dementia), depression , arthropathy Arthropathy, obesity (which lead to ill joints) and cerebral vascular disease Cerebrovascular Disease, diabetes mellitus , and hypertension arterial.
  5. The  following disabilities : visual impairment or hearing, skeletal muscle weakness, loss of balance, walking disturbance (walking), disturbance of perception and knowledge, distortions and diseases of the foot or swelling of Edema.
  6. Medicines and drugs : The multiplicity of medications that the elderly take may lead to side effects, such as: loss of balance, arterial hypotension, lethargy, sedation and drowsiness, which in turn leads to the elderly not controlling himself while walking and thus falling to the ground.

Based on the foregoing, I can say that the reasons for the occurrence of the elderly may be due to the conditions of the environment in which this elderly lives, or as a result of chronic or acute diseases that he suffers from. The reason for falling may not be limited to one factor, but behind the elderly fall there are many common factors, such as: an inappropriate house, in addition to the patient’s suffering from arthritis, and so on.

Too much falling may lead to the elderly losing self-confidence and fear of walking, forcing him to stick to the home, and avoid getting out of it, and he will become depressed. The matter may even lead to abstaining from leaving the mattress and consequently to clinical ulcers or pneumonia and skeletal muscular atrophy …

protection

The prevention of accidents occurring in old age is to eliminate the causes that lead to this, and if it is possible to treat the sick conditions that the elderly suffer from. And with great regret, people often underestimate the occurrence of accidents in the elderly, especially the frequent falls, and they neglect to report this to the family doctor, which leads to consequences that do not have consequences, the most important of which are permanent disability or death.

Health system personnel can identify elderly people exposed to falls by examining the functional and motor ability of the lower extremities, the ability of the elderly to maintain balance, assess the circulatory system (the cardiovascular system), sense of sight and hearing, and the type of medications the elderly take.

The best way to determine the elderly who is at risk of recurrence is to ask him, or to ask his carers if he has had a recent fall. From talking to them, we can determine whether the cause of his frequent accidents was related to the environment in which he lives (the home or surroundings), or his health.

Image result for old man with stick

House and surroundings :

All causes and factors that cause the elderly to falter must be removed, in addition to providing better and favorable conditions for the elderly, as adequate lighting must be provided, knowing that the elderly needs twice the power of illumination than young people, and the electric switch for lighting must be at the entrance to the room and on the top and bottom Stairs (stairs), and it is prohibited to extend electrical or telephone wires on the floor of the room, and it is preferable that the carpets extend from wall to wall, and not be of the thick type.

In the event that this is not possible, we must take care that the edges of the carpets and its corners are not bent, in addition to repairing and daring any rupture or puncture in the carpets (it is preferable to change the carpets in this case instead of repairing it).

Likewise, children should not be allowed to leave their toys in the middle of the road for the elderly, whether inside or outside the house, so it is preferred (if possible) to allocate a room for children to play and to keep their toys in. Pets should also be trained to sleep and lie down only in the corner or the basket designated for that. A handle (handle, handrail) must be installed along the sides of the stairs, taking into account that the height of the single degree does not exceed 15 centimeters.

In the kitchen:

The needs of the elderly must be placed within his reach, so that he does not have to use the ladder or chair to reach his desired purpose. In addition to taking into consideration that the chairs are in good condition, durable and immobile (free of wheels), and that they are not made of plastic.

In the bathroom:

A handle (grab) must be installed on one side of the bathroom, in addition to placing a rubber carpet on the floor of the bathroom and bath tub, in order to prevent the elderly slipping, and it is preferable that the elderly do not close the bathroom door with the key while using it.