How to avoid Breast cancer in children?

Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancerous) cells are formed in the breast tissue. It can occur in both female and male children.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among females between the ages of 15 to 39, and breast cancer in this age group is more aggressive and more difficult to treat than older women.

All young patients with breast cancer should undergo genetic study and counseling for a family history of cancer, and the effect of cancer on fertility should be taken into account in the approach and treatment.

Most breast tumors in children are fibrous adenomas and are often benign (i.e. not cancerous), but in rare cases these tumors become paper-shaped (malignant) tumors and begin to grow rapidly, and when a tumor begins to grow quickly, a procedure must be performed Micro needle aspiration (FNA) or tumor biopsy , where tissue taken by needle aspiration and biopsy under a microscope is studied by a pathologist in order to detect the presence of cancer cells.

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Risk factors for breast cancer in children

Breast cancer risk factors for children include:

  • That the child has had a previous experience of another type of cancer that may spread to the breast, such as leukemia or leukemia, striped muscle cell sarcoma, soft tissue sarcoma, or lymphoma.
  • Previous treatment for some type of cancer, such as Hodgkin’s lymphoma, by means of chest or chest radiotherapy .

Symptoms of breast cancer in children

Breast cancer can cause any of the following signs, and see a doctor if the child has any of the following:

  • Lump or thickening within or on the side of the breast or underarm.
  • Change in the shape or size of the breast.
  • Wrinkle or decrease in a specific area of ​​the breast.
  • The nipple becomes sunken to the inside.
  • Redness, swelling or scaling of the skin over the breast, nipple or areola.
  • Wrinkled skin covering the breast resembles an orange peel.

However, other diseases can cause symptoms similar to those listed above.

How is breast cancer diagnosed in children?

Tests and analyzes that can diagnose and determine the degree of breast cancer in a child include:

  • Clinical examination and history.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging.
  • Ultrasound.
  • A scan called a PET scan based on radioactive elements.
  • Biochemical studies of blood and detection of tumor markers in it.
  • Simple chest radiography.
  • Biopsy of the tumor.
  • Another test used to diagnose breast cancer is the mammogram .

In the event that radiation therapy is performed in the context of the treatment of another type of cancer, the mammogram and MRI image must be performed periodically in order to detect the formation of breast cancer.