How to treat tooth decay?

Tooth decay is parts of teeth with rot that may progress to small or large holes gradually.

Tooth decay is one of the most common health problems around the world. It is widespread, primarily, among children and adolescents, but every person in his mouth has teeth that may develop cavities. And if tooth decay is not treated, the holes may get bigger and wider, causing severe pain, inflammation, and even tooth loss and other complications.

Daily Oral and Dental Care – Part One

Regular visits to a dentist , careful cleaning of teeth and the use of dental advice (dental floss) regularly and permanently – are, together, the best prevention to prevent cavities and rotten teeth.

Symptoms of tooth decay

The primary symptoms of tooth decay development vary from case to case, and they are related to the degree and location of caries.

Caries at its beginning may not be accompanied by any symptoms or signs. However, the more severe decay, different symptoms may appear, including:

Causes and risk factors for tooth decay

Causes of tooth decay

Caries, also called rot tooth, occurs as a result of several causes and factors combined together, including:

  • Unclean teeth
  • Not taking care of dental hygiene
  • Have sweets and drinks containing sugar

The oral cavity, like other parts of the body, contains many different types of germs. Some of these bacteria grow and multiply in an environment of different foods or drinks that contain cooked sugars or starches, also known as fermented carbohydrates (Fermentedcarbohydrates).

When these carbohydrates are not removed by cleaning (rubbing) the teeth, the germs convert them into acids, within 20 minutes. Germs, acids, food and saliva molecules transform into Dental plaque, a sticky layer covering the teeth.

When applying the tongue to the teeth, this dental plaque can be detected, just a few hours after brushing the teeth. The dental plaque is somewhat rough in the area of ​​the milled tooth (or: molars), especially along the gum line.

The acids that form in the dental plaque attack the minerals in the solid layer of the tooth, called “Enamel”, the outer layer that covers the tooth.

The erosion of the “enamel” layer of the tooth causes small holes in it – tooth decay.

In the event that parts of the enamel layer are eroded, germs and acids become able to reach the second layer of tooth, called “ivory” (the middle layer of the tooth – Dentine). This layer is softer and less resistant to acids than the “enamel” layer.

When the tooth decay process reaches this point, the frequency and speed of tooth decay increase gradually. As this continues, germs and acids progress on their way to the layers that make up the tooth. It progresses into the layer of the dental pulp, which is the inner layer of the tooth, which causes it to swell and irritate.