How to realize that we are having a heart attack?

Genetic factor – a phrase we often hear when diagnosing the causes of a heart attack. The basic hypothesis, which says that the main cause of a heart attack is the genetic factor, is very popular, and therefore it is dangerous, because it may spread a state of surrender and not fighting heart disease , as if nothing can be done about it. This hypothesis is wrong .

Studies show that heart disease is not a purely genetic disease. The tendency to have a heart attack may be hereditary, but it can be affected by taking caution .

How can you reduce the risk of developing one of the most deadly causes of death in the world?

A heart attack , in its scientific name (Myocardial Infarction ) , is a condition in which a blockage or narrowing of one or more of the coronary arteries supplying the heart muscle occurs .

The main cause of this disease is Atherosclerosis . The sclerosis process begins at a relatively early age and gradually develops over the years. This is a complex process that includes different blood cells, cholesterol, proteins and hormones, which together cause a plaque that hardens the blood vessel wall. This plaque develops from a thin layer to become a mass of tissue that grows toward the lumen of the artery and impedes blood flow in it .

As a result of the Shear forces and the pressure on the arteries, these plaques may crack and tear, and the substances that form the core of the plaque will be exposed to different blood cells. Platelets play a key role in this process. Platelet contact with the sclerotic pulp material activates the platelets instantly, as they transform from quiet cells floating in the blood to cells with high adhesion to torn and cracked areas in the inner wall of the blood vessels .

At the end of this complex process, a white blood clot (formed mainly from platelets) may form, after which it may also develop into a red blood clot (also composed of red blood cells), which may suddenly cover part of the lumen of the artery, and may completely cover it.

How do we distinguish heart attack?

Early diagnosis of a heart attack can be critical to treat it . Urgent catheterization or medication to melt the blood clot may save the patient’s life .

So, how can someone know if they have a heart disease or are about to have a heart attack?

Sclerotic heart disease: Not all people who suffer from sclerosis have signs of disease.
But be careful if the following symptoms appear:

  • Feeling of pressure in the chest area, accompanied by a feeling of burning
  • Choking and shortness of breath
  • Sweating and nausea
  • Likewise, the pain in the left arm and in the right arm
  • Back Pains
  • Pain in the upper abdomen
  • Pain in the neck or in the lower jaw

The appearance of these symptoms in a state of rest may indicate a major narrowing that is dangerous to life and requires immediate attention .

Heart Attack: A heart attack without any prior signs is considered very rare. The symptoms are:

  • Severe pain and pressure in the chest area, does not stop and does not subside at rest .
  • Pain may extend to the back, abdomen, arms (especially on the left), neck and jaw .
  • Pain persists in the upper abdomen until nausea, vomiting or diarrhea, sweating and general weakness as well as shortness of breath .
  • People with a heart attack describe a pre-seizure feeling as “as if the end is coming” and describe a severe feeling of helplessness .

Heart attack in women :

symptoms and signs differ slightly and are mainly characterized by shortness of breath, weakness and fatigue. Only about half of women have chest pain, which is the most common sign of a heart attack in men and is more widely known to the general public.