How to lower high cholesterol?

There are many medications that your doctor prescribes for you if you have high cholesterol, and the most important of them are the sixties, what are they? How does it work?

If you have high cholesterol in your blood, your doctor may advise you to use statin medications to lower levels. What are these medications, and how do they work in the body? What are its possible side effects?

Cholesterol is a compound found in every cell in the body, which produces new cells, and hormones necessary for it.

And high cholesterol means the presence of fatty deposits inside the walls of blood vessels, and to prevent these deposits, some may use statin drugs that reduce levels in the blood by preventing the action of an enzyme in the liver that makes cholesterol.

How do statins work?

Statins work in two ways to lower cholesterol in your body:

  • Statins that stop the production of cholesterol: This method reduces the production of the total amount of cholesterol in the bloodstream, by inhibiting an enzyme called HMG-CoA, reducing triglycerides, and stabilizing plaques in the arteries, which reduces the potential risks of elevation such as heart attacks.
  • Statins reabsorb cholesterol: This method works to reabsorb the accumulated cholesterol in the blood vessels instead of reducing it, as it helps in the processes of digesting food, absorbing vitamin D, and making hormones.

It may be used with statins, a niacin drug that lowers triglyceride levels by reducing the liver’s ability to produce cholesterol.

Types of statins

There are many types of statins sold in the market, including:

  • Atorvastatin
  • Cerivastatin
  • Fluvastatin
  • Lovastatin
  • Mevastatin
  • Pitavastatin y
  • Pravastatin
  • Rosuvastatin
  • Simvastatin.

Atorvastatin and rosuvastatin are the most effective, while fluvastatin is the least effective.

What are the possible side effects?

Most people who take statin medications are well accepted by their bodies, but some people experience side effects which are:

  • Dizziness and headache
  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Skin redness
  • Pain and muscle weakness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Abdominal cramping and pain
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Skin rash

There are also warnings of taking cholesterol medications from memory loss, high blood sugar, and type 2 diabetes, and statins may interact with other medications you take.

Tips for improving the effectiveness of statins

There are several tips that you should follow in order to improve the effectiveness of statin drugs, which are:

  1.  Maintaining a healthy lifestyle provides the following:
  • Eat a heart-healthy and balanced diet
  • Get regular physical activity
  • Reducing alcohol intake
  • Avoid smoking.
  1.  Pregnant women or those with chronic or active liver disease should not use statins.
  2.  It is best to tell the doctor if you take nutritional supplements or herbs.
  3.  People with liver disease should be wary of statins, especially if liver disease is chronic.