How to Keep your Baby safe from Diaper rash?

Diaper rash ( dermatitis diaper – Diaper dermatitis): is a problem develops on the skin, as a result of the survival of the skin moist for a long time, friction to maintain contact with skin chemicals found in urine and feces, it becomes red skin color, ulcerated, causing a sense of burning and disking it seems like exposure For burning. Although the diaper rash is a very uncomfortable and uncomfortable condition, it does not, in and of itself, indicate a health problem or an acute illness.

Diaper rash is a common skin problem among children and infants, but it may appear at any age when there is a need to use diapers, or protective underwear. Often, diaper rash appears in children from nine months to a year old.

The diaper rash appears in children who sleep for long periods, for long hours, without waking up, as contact occurs between the diaper and the skin for continuous periods of time.

Adults may also develop a diaper rash in the genital area in the event of a lack of attention to hygiene and the necessary health protection, for example, when walking for a long time. An adult person who suffers from a loss of voluntary control of urine or stool excretion (incontinence) may need to use protective underwear.

This protective underwear may cause irritation to the skin topically, or the person who used to suffer from allergies may be ( allergy – Allergy) aromatic substances used in raw materials. This type of rash is very similar to the case of diaper rash in children and infants. Treating this phenomenon with the available home means may help to get rid of it relatively easily.

In the case of severe diaper rash, the skin may be coated with blisters (blister a bubble that appears between the epithelium and the dermis and contains serous fluid – Blister) a, and it flakes up, leaving wounds from which blood, or fluid, can flow.

A diaper rash that develops into wounds that filter out fluids or blood that are difficult to treat. Contamination from a fungus, or germ, may cause an acute diaper rash.

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Causes and risk factors for diaper rash

  • Not to switch wet or dirty diapers: When switching diapers may get wet or dirty, the skin becomes irritated due to prolonged contact with stool and urine, especially in cases of diarrhea.
  • Children who start eating solid foods: This is because solid food changes the composition of stool in a child , which may exacerbate the rash.
  • Permanent skin rubbing with protective feet or pants: Irritated areas may include the thighs, the genitals, the buttocks and the lower abdomen.
  • The reaction of the skin to fragrant materials found in diapers and in protective pants, to chemicals found in moisturizing napkins, to cleaning materials and preparations or washing detergents used to wash diapers made of fabric.
  • Diaper rash may also indicate neglect or abuse in some cases.
  •  Sometimes a diaper rash may appear in parallel with other skin disorders, such as psoriasis, atopic dermatitis or seborrhea (hyperpigmentation of sebum accompanied by excessive secretion of sebaceous glands from the sweat glands).

Treating diaper rash

Home treatment, sometimes available, maybe all that is needed to treat most diaper rashes.

If the first signs and symptoms of a diaper rash appear, it is advised to take one of the following measures:

  • Ensure that the affected area remains dry, while avoiding urine or stool contact
  • Gently wash the area in contact with the diaper with hot water and a soft towel. The area should be thoroughly washed and dried completely
  • Try to avoid using diapers or protective underwear as much as possible
  • Maintain (unprotected) skin proper adjacent to the affected area, using ointments, such as, an ointment containing vitamin A (Vitamin A) and vitamin D ( the Vitamin D ), or ointment containing zinc oxide (Zinc oxide). Care should be taken to apply the ointment to a damaged area, as it may harm the healing process of the skin.
  • In the case of using a preparation intended for use only once, care should be taken to keep the plastic layer from the product away from skin contact and not to tighten the preservation too much. It should also be avoided to use difficult-to-use multi-layer products, whether using diapers or protective underwear. 
  • Avoid using plastic underwear until the rash goes away.
  • In order to dilute (reduce the concentration of) urine, a large amount of fluid should be consumed.
  •  Adults, or children over one-year-old, can be given an acid-based juice. Drinks made on the basis of other fruits should be avoided, as they may cause more harmful effects on urine on the skin.

If after a few days no improvement occurs after receiving diaper rash treatment, one of the following measures is recommended:

  • Soak the affected area of ​​the skin in hot water for ten minutes. Then repeat this process three times a day, if the skin is irritated and very sore.
  • In case of using disposable diapers, it is recommended to replace them (change their type) or move to using diapers made of multiple times (prepared for use several times). It is recommended to use disposable diapers with a very high absorbency, made on the basis of gels and their function is to prevent liquids from constantly coming into contact with the skin. 
  • There are people who are susceptible to the appearance of a diaper rash as a result of using a particular product (commodity), while a competing product of another type does not appear.
  • If using a multi-product made of fabric, it is recommended to switch to using a one-time product. A diaper rash may appear as a result of using products made of fabric and intended for use multiple times, or as a result of cleaning agents that are used when washing these diapers. If diapers made of fabric and used for use several times, and there is no desire to switch to disposable diapers, it is recommended to replace the cleaning materials that are used to wash the diapers.